Pigments obtained by mixing, eg. yellow, ochre and umber.
Frame to support a picture.
creative process based on Freudian psychoanalysis, based on an unreflective,
trance-like manner of painting, drawing or writing.
Tempera: A type of
The mixing of two substances, which generally repel each other like water
soluble glue and oil to form a completely new, inseparable liquid.
A type of wax painting.
Artistic form of the second half of the 20th century.
A gravure technique, wherein metal plates are engraved with acids to produce
Artistic movement in the first half of the 20th century, stressing
gives the surface of a painting a uniform sheen and protects the penetration of
dust into the unevenness of the paint.
movement of the early 60s.
A loose association of French Artists which constructed its paintings, ignoring
Describes artwork representing the form of an animal, a thing or a human.
art/painting: An art form which is inspired by the visible world. It takes
visible objects as its base and then distorts or changes them to convey its
message. The human form is the most common base for these paintings.
The form of a human, a thing or an animal.
School: Group of
mostly Italian Artists who were commissioned to decorate the Chateau of
Fontainebleau near Paris.
The basis of the anatomy of human body and of animals, the principles of growth
in plants, the methods of construction used in buildings, and the factors
underlying the phenomena of landscape etc.
A type of block printing which exploits the mutual repulsion of water and
Wall painting, in which paint is applied to wet plaster, and blends with it as
Technique in which the structures of materials (e.g wood) are made visible on
paper through rubbing.
Italian art movement founded by the writer F. T. Marnetti, with the publication
of the "Futurist Manifesto".
A room, building or institution where paintings and other artworks are
exhibited; and often where they are also sold. A place reserved for the display
of paintings and other work of art.
‘Garbha’ means the womb and ‘griha’ house. In Indian temples, it is the
innermost part or the cella of the sanctuary. It is the holy of holies.
The vehicle of Vishnu. He is half-eagle and half-man. He devours serpents and
occupies an important place in Indian mythology. Depicted in Indian sculpture
with Vishnu or even as an individual deity.
showing scenes from daily life.
reduction of the pictorial composition to clear geometrical forms.
Modernism, a style in which the process of creation of the work is recorded in
the marks on the canvas.
Thin, transparent application of paint on dried layers of paint or on a ground.
produce a dead mat effect and looks distinctly darker when wet than when dry.
proportion in which a line is divided into two so that the smaller part is to
the larger as the larger is to the whole.
A gateway in medieval Indian temples which had a pyramidal structure at the top.
The art of the Middle Ages, which developed over various periods in all the arts
in Europe. Starting with the architecture of the 12th century, Gothic
was almost entirely dominated by religious tasks.
A painting technique using water based colors, which are opaque when dry.
Art: Blanket term
for drawings and print based works.(e.g. etching, woodcut, engraving, etc.) on
sootras)—Text on domestic religious ceremonies and finally manuals of human
conduct compiled between 600-300 BC.
Arabic: It is
extracted from Arabian and Indian acacias. Both gums are very light and almost
colorless in solution.
A spiritual mentor. It can also mean a teacher.
A method of scratching and scrapping a thick layer of paint to produce changes
in the layers of paint.
Tragacanth: It is
extracted from bruising the branches of the tragacanth bush. It provides the
most important binder for watercolors and for gouache and other opaque colors.
An art form chiefly from the 1960s, in which the artwork is an action.
Abstract trend of the 1960s and 70s, featuring cleanly defined, often
geometrical areas of color.
‘Hari’ is a name of Vishnu. ‘Hara’ is another name of Shiva. When they
are united as one God they are called Harihara.
The top of a stupa in the form of a pedestal in which the shaft of the holy
umbrella is placed.
Hand. An ancient linear measure from elbow to finger tip (cubit).
means laughter. In Indian poetics hasya
rasa means humour or humourous. It is one of the nine rasas (navarasa).
‘Hina’ – little; ‘Yana’ – vehicle. Literally - ‘The Little
An early form of Buddhism that emphasized concentration on the doctrines of
Buddhism. In sculpture instead of the figure of the Buddha, the Hinayana icons
depicted his umbrella, slippers and other things to indicate his presence. It is
also known as Theravada Buddhism. It is rather dogmatic and austere.
illustration of historical events, mythological, Biblical and literary themes
which are either realistic or idealized.
A revival of earlier artistic styles, to make a new style.
Art movement based on the principle of the illusion of reality and the
reality of illusion.
A type of panel painting of the Greek Orthodox Church.
Meaning of the form and content of picture-signs. Also a term for the academic
discipline devoted to the investigation and classification of picture content.
Philosophy and artistic mode in which reality is not shown as it is, but in the
spirit of a particular idea.
Painting which, with perspective and painterly devices, generates the optical
appearance of three-dimensionality and spatiality.
Application of paint (with spatula or large brush) in which the paint creates
the three-dimensional effect in the paint itself.
An art movement formed around 1870 in France, concerned with capturing the
object in its momentary dependency on lighting.
A nice spreadable glaze.
Most important of the Vedic gods. He is also called Purandara or breaker of
forts. He is personified as the Aryan war-lord leading them to victory against
demons. 250 Rig Vedic hymns are devoted to him. Regarded as the rain-god, people
prayed to him for adequate rain.
Non-figurative painting of the second half of the 20th century.
Large artistic arrangement in contemporary art.
Images: Term for
the works of F.Stella, which are to be recognized immediately.
A type of printing in which the blocks are made by engraving the lines in metal
and then filling it with ink.
Representation of interiors, or of scenes taking place in interiors.
They are produced by mixing unequal amounts of two primary colours. Intermediate
colours are located between the primary and secondary colours on a colour wheel.
Also known as tertiary colours.
ISOA: Indian Society of Oriental Art, Calcutta, INDIA.